Hungarian and Russian: strangers or relatives? (Part 3)

As already noted, 20% of the Hungarian words are of Slavic origin (Russian, Ukrainian, Czech, Polish, etc.). The previous post gave some examples classified into several “language-based categories”. In addition, a “life-based” approach can be used to highlight similarities between the two languages.  Let’s have a look at just some of these Slavic borrowings. Again, I will take a Hungarian word first, compare it with Russian, and provide English equivalent at the end.

Agriculture and cattle breeding

mák – mak – poppt seed
len – lyon – flax
széna – seno – hay
málna – malina – raspberry
bárány – baran – sheep

Animals and birds

medve – medved – bear
vidra – vydra – otter
kakukk – kukushka – cuckoo
galamb – golub – pigeon
varjú – vorona – crow
veréb – vorobei – sparrow

Household utensils

kazán – kazan – pot
kasza – kosa – meak
borona – borona – harrow
gereblye – grabli – rake
vödör – vedro – bucket
polc – polka – shelf

Crafts

molnár – melnik – millner
takács – tkach – weaver
kovács – kusnez (kovat) – smith (to forge)
pék – pekar – baker

Days of the week

szerda – sreda – Wednesday
csütörtök – chetverg – Thursday
péntek – pyatnitsa – Friday
szombat – subota – Saturday

Clothes

sapka – shapka – hat
szarafánok – sarafan – tunic
szoknya – sukno – skirt (HU), cloth (RU)

Society

király – korol – king

Again, the list can go for on an on, but this already gives an illustration.

https://i0.wp.com/www.ukrainebusiness.com.ua/modules/news/images/topics/5d4bcfad-d967-354e.jpg

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